The reign of 10 important Tsarist kings, Tsarus, lasted 400 years
The word comes from the famous Tsar of Rome, Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar's time is 1500 years older than the Tsar. The last Tsar was Nicholas II, who was assassinated in 1918. After the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917, the Tsarist Empire of 4 provinces came to an end. Below we will tell our readers about the 10 most important people of the Tsar who were the main pillars of the Tsar Empire in one way or another.
1- Ivan the Terrible (1547-1584 AD): All the Tsars were absolute rulers. The arrogance of the empire deprived them of all human values. The first Tsar, Ivan the Terrible, was a tyrant. He angrily threw his son into the valley of death, but his greatest achievement was to expand the Russian Empire. It annexed Astrakhan and Siberia to the Russian Empire and established trade relations with England. His correspondence with Queen Elizabeth in this regard continued for a long time. He later overpowered powerful rulers in Russia and introduced a law of totalitarianism.
2- Boris Godonov (1598-1605): Boris Ivan was the bodyguard of the Tribal. After the death of Ivan's son in 1598, he succeeded to the throne. It strengthened relations with European countries and allowed Russian youth to study in Europe. He called for competent teachers in his kingdom. Boris took several concrete steps to reach the Baltic Sea. Although his reign lasted for 7 years. His death marked the beginning of a period of Russian suffering, including famine and civil war, as well as interference in Russia's affairs by Poland and Sweden.
3- Michael I (1613-1645 AD): The Romanov Tsarist Empire began with the reign of Michael I. This family rule lasted from 1613 to 1917. Its last ruler was Nicholas Tsar II. After much struggle and hard work, Michael I founded the Romanov Empire on a solid foundation. Michael had 10 children but only 4 reached puberty. Michael strengthened Russia's relations with Sweden and Poland.
- Peter the Great (1682-1725): The most famous emperor of the Tsar was Peter the Great, the grandson of Michael I. Peter the Great tried his best to make Russia Western. He also introduced the principles of enlightenment to Russia. Earlier, Russia was considered a backward country. Peter reorganized the Russian army and bureaucracy. He ordered all staff not to grow beards and to wear Western clothing. At 6 feet 8 inches tall, Peter the Great had a very domineering personality. His greatest achievement was defeating the Swedish army at the Battle of Poltava. This battle was fought in 1709. Following this victory, Peter the Great also claimed large swathes of Ukraine.
Elizabeth of Russia (1741-1762): Elizabeth of Russia, daughter of Peter the Great, seized power in 1741 through a peaceful revolution. His power is distinguished by the fact that he did not execute any of his subordinates during his time, although his time was not peaceful. During Elizabeth's 20-year rule, Russia was embroiled in two major wars. Elizabeth founded Moscow University during her time. Despite her extravagant spending, Elizabeth is one of the most popular Tsarist rulers.
6- Catherine the Great (1762-1796): Before Catherine, her husband Peter III ruled for six months. Her policies were in favor of Prussia, which is why she was assassinated. Interestingly, Catherine herself was a Prussian princess who married into the Romano family. Russia's borders expanded during Catherine's reign. It annexed Crimea to Russia and divided Poland, as well as annexing all the territories along the Black Sea to Russia. The efforts of Peter the Great to make Russia Western-style were continued by Catherine.
- Alexander I (1801-1825): The misfortune of Alexander I was that his reign was at a time when Napoleon was at his height and Europe's foreign affairs were changing due to Napoleon's military invasions. For a long time he showed great weakness in decision-making and then reacted against France. Everything changed when Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 failed. Alexander formed the Holy Alliance with Austria and Prussia to stem the rise of liberalism and secularism. He also withdrew some reforms made in his country. He removed foreign teachers from Russian schools and ordered the curriculum to be developed on religious grounds. He was always in danger of being poisoned or kidnapped. That is why he did not trust anyone. He died in 1825.
- Nicholas I (1825-1855): It is difficult to deny the fact that the Russian Revolution of 1917 has its roots in the time of Nicholas I. Nicholas I was a tyrant and dictator. It put the military first and crushed dissidents. The Russian economy collapsed during this period. In addition, the railways were reduced to only 600 miles, while in the United States, these tracks were up to 10,000 miles, he was also against the implementation of reforms. Nicholas died in 1855.
9- Alexander II (1855-1881): Few people in the West are aware of the fact that slaves were liberated in Russia when Abraham Lincoln in the United States played a role in freeing slaves in the United States. That is why Alexander is also called "the liberator". Alexander promoted liberal policies. In 1863, in response to the uprising in Poland, Poland annexed Poland to Russia. In 1881 he was assassinated in St. Petersburg.
- Nicholas II (1894-1917): The last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, saw his grandfather killed at the age of 13. In his time, the Russian people saw a catastrophic situation. On the one hand, the constant intervention of the Russian "monk" Rasputin in government affairs and then Russia's defeat in the war with Japan in 1905 caused great unrest among the people. The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in 1917 changed the whole situation. The Communists, led by Lenin and Trisky, overthrew the Tsar. In 1918, Nicholas Tsar II and his family were executed.