LeoGlossary: Base Layer (Blockchain)
It is going to vary based upon the different protocols along with how the architecture is designed.
Basically, Layer 1 is the basis for immutability. Here is where decentralization takes place due to the node system. It also includes block time, the consensus mechanism deployed, programming languages, and rules pertaining to the network's core operations.
When people refer to scaling, they are most often referring to the ability of the blockchain to increase the throughput of transactions. There are other factors that enter the equation including optimization. However, the protocol mechanism is of great impact.
The basics of the base layer are :
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