LeoGlossary: Base Layer (Blockchain)

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There are many layers to blockchain infrastructure. At the core of it is the base layer.

It is going to vary based upon the different protocols along with how the architecture is designed.

Basically, Layer 1 is the basis for immutability. Here is where decentralization takes place due to the node system. It also includes block time, the consensus mechanism deployed, programming languages, and rules pertaining to the network's core operations.

When people refer to scaling, they are most often referring to the ability of the blockchain to increase the throughput of transactions. There are other factors that enter the equation including optimization. However, the protocol mechanism is of great impact.

Proof-of-Work (PoW) is known for its inability to scale while Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS) are believed to offer much greater potential in this area.

The basics of the base layer are :

  • Hardware
  • Consensus
  • Network
  • Data

Ethereum also has smart contracts built into Layer 1. Many other blockchains feel it is best to have that operate on Layer 2.

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