Any item or record that is accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes.
Money evolved ever since it was introduced to replace the barter system. For much of history, physical money was commodity backed, primarily gold.
Contemporary monetary systems are made up of fiat currency. Instead of deriving its value from commodity backing, it is set by supply and demand and people's faith in its worth.
Fiat money came into being since gold could not be mined fast enough to keep up with a booming economy. It depends upon people's perception. An economy that is growing shows that it is producing other things of value.
Currency tied to strong economies will be perceived as stronger money. This same concept is likely going to apply to cryptocurrency
Money that is legal tender is recognized by law (government) as settlement for private and public debts.
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